Parts of the wristwatch – Just the basics

Watch Design.

Wristwatches are used widely every day by all kinds of people. Entrepreneurs, wealthy people but also people from the next door. People wear on their wrist a wristwatch to organize, to check the time or just to enhance their appearance.

But the real question is: How many people know the parts of the wristwatch? The percentage is very small for sure as it is not necessary to know the different components to wear a watch.

It is necessary to know the anatomy of the watch so your purchases are as good as possible. A good purchase consists of good material, mechanism, beauty, and price. If these 4 are in great balance, then the purchase can be considered successful.

It’s time to dive into learning the components of the watch!



The bezel is featured in diving watches or also as an accessory to the watch. Divers line up the arrow with the minute hand. Then as time elapses, they can quickly read the elapsed time in the bezel. The time period can be only lower than 1 hour as easily can be understood.

Today most watches have this feature for beauty. Many bezels do not rotate. The bezel of a watch which can rotate is either unidirectional or bidirectional.

The unidirectional bezel rotates only in one direction, most of the time anti-clockwise.

The bidirectional bezel rotates to both directions. This type of bezel is not widely used.



The watch crown has 4 basic functions:

  1. Change the time.
  2. Stop the watch.
  3. Change the date.
  4. Wind the watch.

When the crown is pulled out, it always clicks. When you pull the crown out 2 times (clicks), then you can change the time. If you pull it only one time then in one way it changes the day and the other way the month.

It is interesting to mention that some watches who do not have the date feature have 2 clicks but the 1st click does not do anything.

The crown can be found most commonly to the right of the watch and least commonly to the left (Destro watches). The commonplace is at 3 o’clock, 2 o’clock, 4 o’clock or even 12 o’clock.


  • Never set the date between 9 PM and 3 AM, because the mechanism of the date also is affected.
  • Change the time always forward. Changing the time backward can lead to unscrew a little stem from the crown. The watch must be opened and the stem should be screwed back on.
  • Also, if you change backward time, the date can flip over. If you try to force the date, then there is a plastic wheel which closes a tooth. As a result, the date can not be changed. The only solution is to change this little wheel.


Dial and Chapter Ring

This is the face of the watch. The dial usually contains a Chapter Ring which surrounds the dial.

The common types of dials are:

  • Center seconds watch. This is called this way because the hands of the watch are in the center.
  • Three-handed center seconds watch. This type of watch has fixed numbered dial or dials and moving hands.



The case is there to create the body of the watch and protect it.

Screw down cases are used for underwater watches and they can go as far as 200 meters. Despite the fact that the manufacturers say 200 meters may do not trust them.

TIP: In order for the case to be fully water resistant, the case must be popped and closed.

Also, there are pop back cases.


Bracelet is the strap around the wrist that keeps it in place. Some types are:


  • Jubilee bracelet

Jubilee Bracelet

  • Fold-over deployment

Fold-over Deployment

  • Standard strap and Regular prong and buckle (most people are used to this type of bracelet)

Standard strap and Regular prong and buckle

Below are all the components of a watch:

  1. Strap
  2. Bezel
  3. Lug
  4. Hands
  5. Jewel
  6. Dial
  7. Aperture
  8. Crown
  9. Movement
  10. Rotor
  11. Pusher
  12. Crystal
  13. Sub-dial
  14. Case


Watches are not simple at all. They are complex structures and many people work on them to provide great quality or to repair them.

Bezel, crown, dial, case, and bracelet are the most important parts a watch must have so it is functional. As the price of watches goes higher more components are used and the more complex it becomes.

If you want to learn about the parts of the watch thoroughly I suggest you read this article:

Parts Of A Watch 101 – Ultimate Intro Guide To Everything Watches Inside & Out

I hope, I was helpful.


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